Why Does Jesus Say We Need to Repent?

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What did Jesus? The first words of Jesus preached are “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Matthew 4:17). These are the exact words of John the Baptizer in 3:2. This is also the message of the Old Testament prophets who called Israel to return to God’s commandments.

Jeremiah 26:13 (ESV)
Now therefore mend your ways and your deeds, and obey the voice of the LORD your God, and the LORD will relent of the disaster that he has pronounced against you.

Mark characterizes Jesus’ message as “the gospel of God” and joins repentance with believing the gospel.

Mark 1:14-15 (ESV)
14  Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, 15  and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.”

The Greek word for repent is metanoeite, it is an imperative verb – a command, and a second person plural verb – all y’all repent.

 

Repentance is necessary for salvation

Luke 13:3 (ESV) No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all likewise perish.

 Why repent? The kingdom of heaven is at hand.

The word for “at hand” is in the perfect tense, which means that it has fully come, not that it is coming. It is now here. We leave in the parentheses between kingdom inaugurated and kingdom consummated. Kingdom initiated, and kingdom actualized. Already and not-yet.

The kingdom of heaven brings both blessing and judgment

Matthew 13:24-30 (ESV)
24 He put another parable before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field,
25 but while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat and went away.
26 So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also.
27 And the servants of the master of the house came and said to him, ‘Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have weeds?’
28 He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ So the servants said to him, ‘Then do you want us to go and gather them?’
29 But he said, ‘No, lest in gathering the weeds you root up the wheat along with them.
30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.’”

 

We dwell in the darkness of death’s shadow

God’s kingdom has come and brings judgment

Jesus shines the light into darkness through the gospel

Believe the gospel, turn from sin, and turn to Christ!

 

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Light in the Land of Death’s Shadow

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At the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, Matthew quotes Isaiah 9:1-2 as a prophecy about Jesus ministry in Galilee.

Matthew 4:12-17 
12 Now when he heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew into Galilee.
13 And leaving Nazareth he went and lived in Capernaum by the sea, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14 so that what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled:

15 “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles— 16 the people dwelling in darkness have seen a great light, and for those dwelling in the region and shadow of death, on them a light has dawned.”

This passage referred to the Hebrew exiles who would return after the Assyrian and Babylonian deportations. God promises to dispel the gloom and anguish and to shine His light on His people once again. “The way of the sea” refers to the major road from Damascus to the Mediterranean Sea which passed through Capernaum on the west side of Lake Galilee. This is the route by which the exiles would return and thus the way would be made glorious. Matthew applies this passage to the coming of Jesus who brings light to those in darkness in this region.

The passage cited by Matthew is followed in the same paragraph in Isaiah by the prophecy of the child who will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting, Father, Prince of Peace. This clearly sets the passage in a Messianic context.

Foreshadows Gentile mission

Galilee had a mixed population of both Jews and Gentiles. Gentiles had occupied Galilee from the time of the Assyrian conquest and deportation in 722 BC. Isaiah would know Galilee as a territory associated with non-Jewish peoples in his day. The mention of Galilee of the Gentiles foreshadows the Great Commission to evangelize all nations which is given on a mountain in Galilee.

Matthew 28:16-20 (ESV)
16  Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them. 17  And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted. 18  And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19  Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20  teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

In Isaiah 9:1-2, God promises light to the returning exiles. However, Jesus is the true light and comes to shine on those who dwell in darkness and the region of death’s shadow.

Christ comes to shine light on those living under the shadow of death. Jew and Gentile both dwell under the shadow of death and are under the curse. Death looms over us as our inevitable destroyer. But Jesus comes and dispels the shadow of death by the life-giving light of the gospel.

 John 1:4-13 (ESV)
4  In him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5  The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
9  The true light, which gives light to everyone, was coming into the world. 10  He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. 11  He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. 12  But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, 13  who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

Jesus fulfills the eternal plan of God by dispelling spiritual darkness in all the earth. 

 

Jesus Tempted, Tried, Triumphant

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“That is why bad people, in one sense, know very little about badness. They have lived a sheltered life by always giving in. We never find out the strength of the evil impulse inside us until we try to fight it: and Christ, because He was the only man who never yielded to temptation, is also the only man who knows to the full what temptation means—the only complete realist (p. 142).” Mere Christianity by C.S. Lewis

 

Christ’s temptation is an example for us that we should follow in his steps when tempted. Christ was tempted in every respect as we are, yet without sin.

 

Satan attempts to have Jesus satisfy the “lust of the flesh” in the form of the most basic and seemingly harmless of human needs. Jesus is hungry, and Satan tempts him to turn stones into bread to satisfy his hunger. To use his divine power in response to a prodding of Satan, however, would be an act of sin. Jesus will later multiply loaves for others (14.13-21; 15.29-39), but he will not for himself. Temptation often offers itself as an illegitimate or premature fulfillment of a legitimate need.

 Sin will keep you from the Bible or the Bible will keep you from sin. Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 8:3 in response to Satan. Jesus’ response models the verse he quotes, as he chooses to live in light of God’s word rather than satisfy his hunger. Jesus finds the truth of God’s word sufficient to sustain him and to triumph in temptation.

Psalm 119:11 (ESV) I have stored up your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you.

Wherever the precise point is located, Satan tells Jesus to leap from the temple and allow angels to rescue him (It is fitting that Jesus is ministered to by angels in verse 11). As before, Satan presents this as a suitable action for the “Son of God.” Satan quotes Psalm 91:11-12 to prove his point (the fact that Satan can quote Scripture is a terrifying thought!). Scripture misinterpreted is the work of Satan (prosperity gospel). This would be an appeal to the “pride of life” as Satan is tempting Jesus to vindicate himself.

 Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 6:16 which refers to Israel’s unbelief at Rephidim when Moses struck the rock which brought forth water. Jesus doesn’t need to be validated or for his Father to prove anything.

 

Satan tempts Jesus with the kingdoms of the world and their glory. This is ironic because these kingdoms will ultimately belong to Jesus when his kingdom is fully realized (Rev. 11:15). The glory of kingdoms reeks of human ambition, worldly pride, and approval of the masses. Satan provides a shortcut to an inferior inheritance which would forfeit “the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories” (1 Pet. 1:11)

 Revelation 11:15 (ESV)
15 Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever.”

 

Jesus responds, commanding Satan to depart from him. Satan’s temptation to violate the first commandment is unthinkable to Jesus. Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 6:13 after emphatically rebuking Satan and commanding him to leave him. Just like the first temptation in Eden, every temptation is a challenge of God’s Lordship and an attempt to rob Him of the worship due Him.

After remaining sinless through this temptation, it is evident that Jesus is greater than Adam. After being served by angels, it is evident that he is greater than angels. Even the ministry of angels vindicates Jesus’ identity as the Son of God.

Hebrews 4:15 (ESV)  For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.

 Follow Jesus example in order to overcome temptation.

1 John 2:15-17 (ESV) Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 
16 For all that is in the world—the desires of the flesh and the desires of the eyes and pride of life—is not from the Father but is from the world. 
17 And the world is passing away along with its desires, but whoever does the will of God abides forever.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why Was Jesus Baptized?

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Matthew 3:13-17 describes the the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptizer.

 

John the Baptizer was of priestly descent. His father, Zacharias was a priest and his mother, Elisabeth, was of the daughters of Aaron (Luke 1:5). John served as a forerunner to Jesus and his mission was the subject of Old Testament prophecy (Isa. 40:3; Mal. 3:1). John was born six months before Jesus and his birth was foretold by an angel.

Approximately 30 years between this passage and the last mention of Jesus (2:23). Jesus has remained in Nazareth until the proper time when he should be revealed to Israel. Luke’s temple episode is the only account which breaks the thirty-year silence from Jesus’ birth to his baptism (Luke 2:41-52).

John is taken aback by Jesus’ request to be baptized by John. John realizes that Jesus is superior to himself. Jesus does not need to be baptized for repentance, however, John does need to be baptized with the Holy Spirit and fire.

Matthew 3:11 (ESV) “I baptize you with water for repentance, but he who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.

 John recognized Jesus supremacy and that Jesus’ baptism was higher and great than his. Like John, we must recognize Jesus as God’s Son and confess our need to submit to him. We need the transforming power of the Holy Spirit and the cleansing available to us through Jesus.

Jesus had no sin and had no reason to be baptized for the purpose of repentance from sin. This is clear by John’s response, the Father’s testimony, and Jesus’ victory over Satan’s temptation in 4:1-11. The purpose of the temptation is to show that Jesus is without sin. However, Jesus chose to submit to baptism to “fulfill all righteousness.” Jesus’ baptism was unique and unlike any other.

Jesus submitted to incarnation, birth, infancy, parents, Scriptures, Law, God, and to John’s baptism. John’s baptism was the latest stage in God’s redemptive plan. Just as Jesus was subject to circumcision, participation in the temple; he was subject to this latest God-given rite of obedience.

Jesus was baptized in order to obey God

Jesus was baptized in order to be revealed to Israel

Jesus was baptized in order to receive glory from the Father

 

 Romans 5:19 (ESV) For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.

Although Jesus submitted to baptism out of obedience to God, he had no sin which required repentance. We must trust the perfect righteousness of Jesus as the only basis for our forgiveness of sins and justification before God.

The Transfiguration is a parallel account to the baptism of Jesus: the Father speaks from heaven, Jesus is seen in his glory, he appears with Moses and Elijah (17:1-13).

 Matthew 17:5 (ESV) He was still speaking when, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him.”

Jesus has been shown to be the son of Abraham, the son of David, the son of Joseph, and now is publicly shown to be the Son of God.

The Trinity is represented at Jesus’ baptism. The Father speaks from heaven, the Son is baptized on earth, and the Spirit descends from heaven. This divine witness testifies to Jesus’ true identity as Son of God and his sinlessness.

Matthew 28:19 (ESV) Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

John’s ministry was one of preparing for the coming of God (Isa. 40:1-3; Matt. 3:3). John has prepared the way for Jesus, who is God incarnate.

Fully recognize Jesus as Lord

Submit to Jesus’ purifying, transforming work

Rely only on the righteousness of Jesus for your salvation

Believe what God has said about Jesus

 

Church Hospitality for First-time Guests

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Every New Testament church is tasked with reaching others for Christ, especially those in their own communities. The easiest place to begin is with those who choose to visit our churches on Sunday morning. Churches should extend intentional hospitality to first-time guests. Here are some proven pointers to help with hospitality.

Have greeters placed at the door. Have other people who can escort the guests to their seat and serve as a first contact for them. Exchange first names immediately.

Have a guest card for guests to complete and place in the offering plate. Include a space for their prayer requests. Have people in the church commit to praying for these requests and let your guests know this.

Send a follow-up letter on Monday. Send this in addition to any emails or phone calls you might make as well. If you really want to step up your game, pastors, send a brief, hand-written card to each guest.

Put together a gift bag with some goodies and info about the church, ministries, church calendar, “what we teach” statement.

Train church members in hospitality.

Don’t say the V Word (visitor), use the word “guest.” Visitors visit. Guests are welcomed to stay.

The 3-minute rule. Church members should resolve not to speak to anyone they know for 3 minutes after the service. Spend this time meeting someone new.

Instruct members to invite guests to go out to lunch. The pastor should lead by example. Take new folks out for lunch.

Here are some links with additional info, be sure to check them out.

Twenty Years in the Ministry

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Compromise Missionary Baptist Church, Erie TN. This is the church where I was saved, baptized, licensed to preach, and ordained. Photo Credit: Flossie Umphrey (mom).

After preaching the morning service at Briggs Road Baptist Church, I spent the rest of New Year’s Eve 2017 at home, fighting a cold, finishing the last paper of my first Ph.D seminar. It wasn’t until after a night’s rest and conversing with my dad about the annual New Year’s Eve service at my home church where I grew up, that Katrina pointed out that this day was a significant milestone. It was around 1:00am on New Year’s Day 1998, at the close of a New Year’s Eve service that I told my home church that God was calling me into the ministry. I was fifteen years old. At that same hour this year, I was crashing and decompressing from the mental and physical exertion of working while sick. The significance of this moment was the furthest thing from my mind. Suddenly, the weight of this important anniversary hit me like a ton of bricks and my brain began to process several realities and reflections. Here are some reflections from my twenty-year milestone.

At first, I groaned because – 20 years. It seems like forever ago, and like yesterday at the same time. I used to think only old people talked about things from twenty years ago. I spent so much time being characterized as “the young preacher” or the “preacher boy” but 20 years has a way of doing away with those youthful qualifiers. I used to hate them. Now I kind of miss them. Nevertheless, I will not say “the former days were better than these” for this is not from wisdom.

I then asked myself, “Have I made the best use of these 20 years?” God has blessed me to achieve many significant and meaningful goals and to see many victories in these early years, but as our minds often do, my mind wandered to my failures and shortcomings as a preacher and pastor. I then thought of personal aspirations that I have yet to reach, some of which are completely outside my control. These thoughts drove me to begin setting new goals and to make others matters an intentional focus of prayer.

A third reflection is a sobering one. In these twenty years, I have seen many other brothers who have begun this same journey, yet whose ministries have been cut short by moral failure and disqualification. Others have simply fallen away from the faith and walked away from ministry. Most notable is the minister who was preaching at the service twenty years ago when I surrendered to the call of ministry. A pastor, an evangelist, and an expositor, he was an early example of rigorous study and introduced me to one of my preaching heroes, Charles Haddon Spurgeon. I will never forget the day a few years ago, when he arrived at my house with a large box of preaching and Bible study books. What I thought was simply a purge from his library and a generous gift to mine, was in fact, his farewell to ministry, the faith, and his family. Few things have devastated me as much as watching his shipwreck of faith. Not many days pass when I am not frighteningly aware that my own unchecked depravity could end my ministry in ruin and shame. May God give me the grace to run well that I may avoid the tragedy that “after preaching to others, I myself should be disqualified.”

My reflections end in thankfulness to God that over half of my life has been dedicated to the ministry of preaching the Word of God. I don’t say this out of Pharisaical sanctimony, but rather in praise toward God for appointing me for His service. When I realized that this milestone had passed without my attention until hours later, I was upset with myself for not anticipating it and marking its significance. I had, in fact, preached the Christmas Eve service last week in the very church where I announced my call to ministry without so much as a mention of the significance of the occasion. After some reflection, however, I thanked God that twenty years later, at the exact moment of the the commencement of my preaching ministry, I was wrung out to the point of physical and mental exhaustion from a full day of preaching, writing, and studying so that the precious memory of the past was unobserved, being buried under the labors of the present. May this milestone be an opportunity of reinvigoration from God for the miles which lay ahead. “Here I raise my Ebenezer, hither by thy help I’ve come.”

Happy New Year, friends.

 

Greetings from Columbus, Ohio

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37132769996_f8c4e882d5_oIn May 2017, God placed Katrina and myself at Briggs Road Baptist Church in Columbus where I serve as Senior Pastor. We are thankful to God for the course He has charted for us. He is faithful!

I was called to Briggs Road the Sunday after graduating with my Master of Divinity from The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in May 2017. I am now working toward a PhD in Christian Preaching through Southern Seminary.

We are excited about the future of Briggs Road Baptist Church! We are in the midst of a period of church revitalization and missional renewal. We have recently sponsored a new church plant which is meeting in our facility,  Zomi Baptist Mission Church which is comprised of believers from Myanmar. There is great work left to be done in our city. Columbus is designated by the North American Mission Board as a “Send City” which is a target city for missions activity. Columbus is the largest city in Ohio and the 15th largest in the US, with over 2 million people in metro Columbus, only 12 percent of whom are affiliated with an evangelical church.

Will you pray for us as we seek to make Christ known to the nations beginning in Columbus, OH?

Galatians 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

The Reliability and Inspiration of the Bible

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A page containing Ephesians 4:1-11 from manuscript p46. 

There is great value in affirming biblical inspiration even though the original documents do not exist today. By affirming that the original text is inspired, the believer acknowledges that God’s original revelation is perfect and inspired, despite the variations of men that may be found among the extant manuscripts. Furthermore, the believer is motivated by the assertion of inspiration to discover the original words of Scripture and to trust what God has revealed in them. This is a reasonable undertaking since we do not need the physical autographs to ascertain the original words but we do have more than adequate manuscript evidence and a proven methodology which can ascertain the original text.

While some have despaired because the original documents of Scripture are not extant today, this concern is unfounded. It is not necessary to possess the physical originals to know the original text of Scripture. God did not inspire the physical materials used to transmit His words, He inspired the words themselves. There is nothing about the original papyrus or ink which is necessary to having certainty of the words of Scripture, it must simply be demonstrated that we have access to the same words faithfully copied and preserved.

When considering the modern situation in which believers are reliant on translations from copied manuscripts, it is helpful to consider the situation of Jesus and the apostles themselves. Neither Jesus nor his apostles had access to the original Hebrew manuscripts of the Old Testament. In fact, the Old Testament commonly used in their day was the Greek translation of the Old Testament, the Septuagint. Yet, not only did Jesus and the apostles freely use the Septuagint, they freely and unreservedly quoted from it and regarded the Septuagint itself as Scripture. In fact, the majority of Old Testament quotations found in the New Testament come from the Septuagint.[1] The fact that Jesus and the New Testament authors regarded the copies and translations of the Old Testament available to them as Scripture, should give the believer assurance that God has likewise preserved His Word for modern readers.

God has providentially allowed believers today to possess an embarrassment of riches where manuscript evidence of the New Testament is concerned. Today there are approximately 5,700 Greek manuscripts of the New Testament available today.[2] This is in addition to the thousands of witnesses among the ancient versions in Syriac, Latin, Coptic, and other languages and to the quotations from the Patristic writings.[3] Among the papyrus evidence are some manuscripts which date to the second century A.D.[4]

The modern reading of the Old Testament is likewise dependent on extant manuscript evidence. The Dead Sea Scrolls were a major discovery in 1947 which greatly bolstered the manuscript evidence for the Old Testament. Prior to their discovery, the Old Testament text was dependent upon the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Septuagint, the Leningrad Codex, the Aleppo Codex and the Nash Papyrus. The Dead Sea Scrolls were comprised of approximately 800 manuscripts dating from around 250 B.C to 50 A.D.[5] Believers have great reason to place confidence in the manuscript evidence available today.

While there are variations within the manuscripts currently extant, the original text of both the Old and New Testaments may be ascertained with staggering certainty when the process of textual criticism has been applied to the manuscript evidence. Textual criticism involves evaluating the various readings in light of the quality and age of the manuscripts, the widespread presence of the reading, the context of the passage and the style and vocabulary of the writer, and other factors. By critically evaluating the texts in this way, the original reading of the text may be asserted with confidence. Wayne Grudem effectively summarizes the confidence which believers can have in their Bible:

“For most practical purposes, then, the current published scholarly texts of the Hebrew Old Testament and Greek New Testament are the same as the original manuscripts… Thus, our present manuscripts are for most purposes the same as the original manuscripts, and the doctrine of inerrancy therefore directly concerns our present manuscripts as well.”[6]

Grudem further asserts the reliability of the modern text of the Bible, “…it may first be stated that for over 99 percent of the words of the Bible, we know what the original manuscript said.”[7] The Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy was drafted in 1978 and stands for many evangelicals as a full and faithful statement on the inerrancy of Scripture. The absence of the autographs does not affect inerrancy according to the Chicago Statement:

“Article X: We affirm that inspiration, strictly speaking, applies to the autographic text of Scripture, which in the providence of God can be ascertained from available manuscripts with great accuracy. We further affirm that copies and translations of Scripture are the Word of God to the extent that they faithfully represent the original.  We deny that any essential element of the Christian faith is affected by the absence of the autographs. We further deny that this absence renders the assertion of Biblical inerrancy invalid or irrelevant.”[8]

Even Bart Ehrman, who denies the inspiration of the Bible, recognizes that the vast majority of textual variants do not seriously alter the text,

“To be sure, of all the hundreds of thousands of textual changes found among our manuscripts, most of them are completely insignificant, immaterial, and of no real importance for anything other than showing that scribes could not spell or keep focused any better than the rest of us.”[9]

            There is much value in affirming inspiration and there is great reason for doing so even though the autographs of Scripture do not survive to this day. While the physical materials are not extant, the content of those autographs do survive in the great manuscript evidence that God has providentially preserved for us. While there are variants among the manuscripts, these are mistakes of men, not of God. We may affirm that the original documents remain the Word of God, and through the work of textual criticism, we may confidently arrive at the text of the original documents. Inasmuch as the original text has been recovered, we may therefore, regard those texts as inspired and wherever questions remain, our affirmation of divine inspiration should motivate us to deduce the original reading through examination of the manuscripts.

[1] Ferguson, Everett. Backgrounds of Early Christianity. Grand Rapids: W.B. Eerdmans, 2003, 436.

[2] Metzger, Bruce M. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005, 52.

[3] The patristic quotations are so thorough that Metzger states, “Indeed, so extensive are these citations that if all other sources for our knowledge of the text of the New Testament were destroyed, they would be sufficient alone for the reconstruction of practically the entire New Testament.” Ibid, 2005, 126.

[4] 𝔓4, 𝔓64, 𝔓67, and 𝔓75 date to the late 2nd century, while 𝔓52 dates to the early 2nd century. Metzger Ibid., 53-61.

[5] Kaiser, Walter C. The Old Testament Documents: Are They Reliable & Relevant?Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 2001, 41.

[6] Grudem, Wayne A. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. Leicester, England: Inter-Varsity Press, 1994, 96.

[7] Ibid., 96.

[8] Ibid., 1206.

[9] Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus. New York: HarperSanFrancisco, 2005, 204.

Five Core-Truths of Christianity

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I was recently asked to provide five basic beliefs which summarize my Christian faith. After much thought, I arrived at these five central Christian truths.

The Inspiration and Sufficiency of Scripture – The Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments were given by inspiration of God, and are the only sufficient, certain and authoritative rule of all saving knowledge, faith and obedience. We must trust the Bible as God’s Word or our faith has no foundation.

The Triune God – There is one God, revealed to us as Father, Son and Holy Spirit each with distinct personal attributes, but without division of nature, essence or being.

The Person and work of Jesus Christ – Jesus is the Jewish Messiah and the royal descendant of David, the virgin-born son of Mary, the only sinless person who ever lived, and the eternal Son of God – being literally God in human form. Jesus preached and performed miracles for three years, was arrested and crucified in Jerusalem, rose from the dead three days later, and ascended to heaven from where he will soon return to earth. Jesus provides the only means of salvation for us; the atonement provided by the death and resurrection of Jesus. This free gift of redemption is available for all who believe.

The Sovereignty of God – God is in control of human history and is guiding human history to the foretold culmination of the return of Jesus, the final judgment, and the restoration of creation. Without realizing that God is in control, we have no hope in the world and will never make sense of apparent evil (Gen. 50:20; Rom. 8:28).

The True Church and Her Mission – Jesus is the head of the Church, which is composed of all believers. According to His commandment, Christians are to associate themselves into local churches, and each local church possesses authority and responsibility to worship, administer the ordinances, and fulfill the Great Commission.

Five Lessons from Dangerous Calling

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I recently read Paul David Tripp’s book, Dangerous Calling. This book is essential reading for vocational ministers and helpful reading for anyone who serves in ministry. Here are five lessons I took away from my reading.

Pastors must beware of mastering theology without experiencing transformation. Tripp says “Bad things happen when maturity is more defined by knowing than it is by being. Danger is afloat when you come to love the ideas more than the God whom they represent and the people they are meant to free” (42). Developing the personal discipline of worship and devotional Scripture reading is necessary to avoid becoming all head and no heart.

Pastors must beware the danger of living two separate lives: one life in the ministry and another life at home. Tripp offers five practical suggestions later in the book for “closing the separation gap.” Tripp instructs to “sit under your own teaching and preaching”, “confess publicly to your own struggle”, “place yourself under wise and biblical counsel”, “be approachable to your friends and family”, and “build a humbly candid leadership community” (209-212). While every pastor and leader will fall short of the very standard they proclaim occasionally, this type of lifestyle can never be tolerated by a Christian leader.

A pastor’s ministry is shaped by the condition of his heart. While training, knowledge, and experience all are significant factors which shape one’s ministry, Tripp correctly observes that “The heart is the inescapable X factor in ministry” (68). It is easy to measure ministry by metrics which ignore the heart condition of the minister, and we do this too often. This truth correlates with the essential oneness of the pastor. Tripp says, “You are one person. The boundaries of life and ministry are not separate and defined. You do not become a different person when you step into some kind of ministry function. You and I are each in possession of only one heart, so the condition of our heart is a huge issue in our ministry. I know this seems blatantly obvious, but I’m afraid it is not so functionally obvious in our churches” (188). The realization that all ministry is essentially the outflow of my personal spiritual condition is a sobering fact, and one that drives me to pursue holiness and devotion to God.

Whatever motivations or “treasures” the pastor has will determine his ministry. Tripp states that our ministries are shaped by our treasures, or motivations. If we treasure the wrong things, we will lead our ministries incorrectly. “Things like appreciation, reputation, success, power, comfort, and control become all too important. Because they are too important to me, they begin to shape the way I think about ministry, the things I want out of my ministry, and the things I do in ministry” (99). Tripp further states that “your ministry will always be either propelled by or victimized by what you treasure” (103).

The pastor’s ministry will be opposed by the forces of Satan. This seems like a simple and fundamental truth that does not need repeating, but we often conduct our ministries as though we are in a neutral playing field. Tripp says, “It’s sad and dangerous, but it’s true that many of us have taken on a functionally unspiritual view of our ministries… There is a devouring Devil. You need to be serious and watchful.” (218-219). Sometimes we minister as though we are merely working with human factors and realities. This can lead to undue frustration when things do not go as we want them to go. We need to realize that God has given us a divine task that will be opposed by Satan. We should expect opposition and hardship.

I highly recommend Dangerous Calling if you are currently involved in ministry or are seeking to enter the ministry. Tripp highlights several danger zones that can destroy a ministry or even worse, destroy a home.